What is Trauma?
Language in this area is complex and overlapping but the use of language in explanation of trauma is crucial. On this page I chose to use "trauma" to represent broad range of traumatic, abusive or neglectful experience during people's lives. Firstly let's talk about traumatic events. Traumatic events has been defined as: "an event, a series of events or set of circumstances that is experienced by an individual as physically and emotionally harmful or life threatening" (SAMHSA, 2014). In those terms then trauma is often subdivided into: type 1 trauma and type 2 trauma (complex trauma). Those types of trauma can be both experienced by people during their lives. Type 1 trauma is described when usually single events such as rapes, assaults, serious accidents where road accidents also include in this type of trauma. They could be as well as terrorist attacks or major emergencies. Type 2 trauma sinuously called complex trauma is usually experienced interpersonally, persist over time and is difficult to escape from. Type 2 trauma is often experienced in the context of close relationship like childhood abuse or domestic abuse as well as can be experienced during adulthood in contact of war, torture or human trafficking.
Every person has unique journey when experienced trauma. Whether and how a person is affected by trauma(s) they experience depends on many different factors including what their life and relationships were like before trauma(s) happened. Depends on how people responded to them during and after trauma(s). Their own personalities, strengths and resources. Their other life experiences and the cultural context in which they live their lives. Many people will be resilient and recover from the impact of traumatic events or even experience positive growth following traumatic events. However, many others will be affected to a significant extent by traumatic events and need help to recover.
The video below provide short capture of practice I believe I can offer. Please be mindful that you can be affected by the video.
Trauma Informed Practice
What is Trauma?